What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is the term used to describe a group of conditions affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. These conditions include Gingivitis and Periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene.

Gingivitis does not include any loss of the bone or tissues that hold your teeth in place. It is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. If left untreated, however, Gingivitis may progress to become one of the destructive forms of periodontal disease (Periodontitis).