About Dental Plaque
The ultimate cause of periodontal disease is dental plaque. This is a sticky, white or pale yellow film, which contains bacteria and constantly builds up on your teeth. It can form both above and below the gum line. Dental plaque also accumulates around dental implants and prostheses (e.g. crowns, bridges and dentures). It can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). Dental plaque cannot be washed away by rinsing the mouth. It must be physically removed.
It is important to remove dental plaque effectively in order to promote good oral hygiene and prevent the progression of periodontal diseases. This involves using a toothbrush twice a day and also cleaning in between the teeth everyday. Your Periodontist or Dental Hygienist will recommend the best oral hygiene tools for you to use, tailored to your individual needs. They will also continue to monitor your cleaning technique during your periodontal maintenance visits.