The Cause and Treatment of Gum Disease

Gum disease is the term used to describe a group of conditions affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. These conditions include Gingivitis and Periodontitis.  Such conditions can cause the gums to become red, swollen or bleed easily.  Others can be more severe, affecting the bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

The ultimate cause of gum disease is dental plaque. This is a sticky, white or pale-yellow film, which contains bacteria and constantly builds up on your teeth. Dental plaque can accumulate both above and below the gum line. It can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).

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