The ultimate cause of periodontal disease is dental plaque. This is a sticky, white or pale yellow film, which contains bacteria and constantly builds up on your teeth. Dental plaque can accumulate both above and below the gum line. It can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).

The first stage of treatment will involve a review of your current oral hygiene techniques. It will be important that you have the right tools and techniques to effectively remove dental plaque. This forms an essential first step in establishing and maintaining the long-term health of your teeth and gums.

The treatment of periodontal disease involves the removal of plaque and calculus from the teeth, both above and below the gum line. This can be achieved with or without surgical treatment.